Uzbekistan Location:

Central Asia, north of Afghanistan.

Coordinates:

41-00 N, 64-00 E.

Uzbekistan Square:

448,900 sq. km. of which land - 426.900 km2; water - 22.000 km2

Place in the world by area:

55th place among the countries of the world; 0.3% of the total land area of ​​the planet Earth

Population of Uzbekistan:

36 million 024 thousand people as of January 1, 2023, of which 50.9% are urban and 49.1% are rural.

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For comparison: the population of Uzbekistan was:

  • 35,603 million people as of July 1, 2022
  • 35.271 million people as of January 1, 2022
  • 34.860 million people as of July 1, 2021
  • 34.559 million people as of January 1, 2021
  • 33.906 million people as of January 1, 2020
  • 33.52 million people as of July 1, 2019
  • 32.900 million people as of July 1, 2018
  • 32.654 million people as of January 1, 2018
  • 32.345 million people as of July 1, 2017
  • 32.121 million people as of January 1, 2017
  • 31.807 million people as of July 1, 2016
  • 31.576 million people as of January 1, 2016
  • 31.026 million people as of January 1, 2015
  • 30.489 million people as of July 1, 2014
  • 30.183 million people as of July 1, 2013
  • 29.995 million people as of January 1, 2013
  • 29.875 million people as of October 1, 2012
  • 29.736 million people as of July 1, 2012
  • 29.638 million people as of April 1, 2012
  • 29.559 million people as of January 1, 2012
  • 28.639 million people as of July 1, 2011
  • over 28.54 million people as of April 1, 2011
  • 28.095 million people as of April 1, 2010
  • 27.625 million people as of April 1, 2009
  • 27.555 million people as of January 1, 2009
map of uzbekistan
Place in the world by population: 41st place among the countries of the world; approximately 0.45% of the total population of the planet Earth (according to Wikipedia)
Population density: 80.2 people for one sq. km. as of January 1, 2023 For comparison: on January 1, 2009. - 61.38 per square km., on January 1, 2022. - 78.6 per square km.
Composition of population: Uzbeks 84.4%, Tajiks 4.9%, Kazakhs 2.2%, Russians 2.1%, Karakalpaks 2, 1%, (as of January 1, 2021)
Administrative division: 12 regions, 1 autonomous republic
The capital of Uzbekistan: Tashkent has about 2.9 million inhabitants. (on 1 july 2022)
Language: Uzbek is the state language, Russian is the language of international communication
Religion: Islam
Time: UTC + 5 hours
Power: 220 V AC, 50 A; standard double plug socket
Internet zone: .uz
Uzbekistan international dialing code: +998
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Currency unit (national currency): sum (UZS)
Minimum wage: UZS 920,000 (from June 1, 2022)
Neighbours: Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan.
Borders of Uzbekistan: total length - 6.221 km., length of borders with Afghanistan - 137 km., Kazakhstan - 2.203 km., Kyrgyzstan - 1.099 km. , Tajikistan - 1.161 km., Turkmenistan - 1.621 km.;
Climate of Uzbekistan: The climate of the country is desert-continental. The difference in temperature depending on the time of the year is quite significant. The average January temperature drops to -6°C, and the average July temperature rises to +32°C. Rainfall is negligible, so agriculture is more dependent on irrigation.
Relief of Uzbekistan: Most of the territory of Uzbekistan is occupied by plains (about four-fifths of the territory). One of the main ones is the Turan plain. In the east and north-east of the country are the spurs of the Tien Shan and Pamir, here is the highest point of the country (4643 m). In the north of the central part of the territory of Uzbekistan there is one of the largest deserts in the world – Kyzylkum.
Highest point: 4,643 m
Updated: 02/02/23
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The place of the Republic of Uzbekistan among the countries of the world

The Republic of Uzbekistan is a prominent country in the world economy, occupying very important positions among more than 200 states and territories of the world in many parameters of natural resource and production potential.

Ranking 55th in terms of territory and 41st in terms of population, Uzbekistan is located:

  • among the world leaders in terms of availability of reserves of silver, tungsten and phosphorites, potassium salt, rare earth metals and other valuable minerals, in particular, in terms of explored reserves of gold - fourth, uranium - seventh, molybdenum - eighth, confirmed reserves of copper - 10th, natural gas - 14th in the world;

  • on the area of ​​artificially irrigated land - on the 11th place in the world;

  • in terms of cadmium production - in third place, uranium - in sixth place, gold and natural gas - in eighth place, as well as among the 15 largest countries on the planet in the extraction of molybdenum, feldspar and a number of other types of industrial raw materials;

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  • on the second place in the production of karakul, cotton - the fifth, raw silk - the sixth place in the world;

  • in the second ten countries leading in the production of sulfuric acid, nitrogen fertilizers, mineral lubricating oils and paraffin, cotton yarn and fabrics, tomato paste, dried fruits, the collection of melons and grapes, shearing of wool, in terms of iron­ road transport;

  • on the second place in the export of cotton fiber, uranium - third place in the world.

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State flag of the Republic of Uzbekistan

The national flag of the Republic of Uzbekistan and its symbols have historical continuity with the states that existed on the territory of modern Uzbekistan, taking into account the national and cultural traditions and natural and climatic features of the republic.

The blue color on the banner is a symbol of the eternal sky and water, as one of the main sources of life. It was the blue color that was the color of the banner of the state of Amir Temur. Thus, the blue stripe of the flag of the Republic of Uzbekistan is a symbol of the vitality of the republic and a sign of historical continuity.

The white stripe on the flag is a symbol of peace, traditional for our population, wishes for a good journey (ok yul), striving for moral purity of thoughts and actions.

Green is the color of nature, new life and fertility in many states where the majority of the population is Muslim. It also symbolizes the close connection of history with the modern movement of the "greens" for the protection of the environment.

Red lines are the life force that flows inexhaustibly inside every living organism, connecting our good, pure thoughts with the eternal sky and real deeds on earth.

The young crescent is associated with historical traditions and at the same time can be regarded as a symbol of the newly born independence of the republic.

Stars have always and among all peoples been considered symbols of a cloudless sky. The State Flag of the Republic of Uzbekistan depicts 12 stars, which is directly related to our historical traditions, our ancient solar calendar, starting with Navruz.

The names of the 12 months of this calendar - Hamal, Sovr, Jawza, Saraton, Assad and others are at the same time the names of 12 zodiac constellations. It should be especially noted that the symbolism of 12 stars has nothing to do with religious sects and rumors. The veneration of 12 stars is associated with the development of scientific thought in the states that existed on the territory of present-day Uzbekistan. According to Ulugbek's star catalog, scientific validity is recognized all over the world, the movement of the Sun across the sky during the year was precisely determined by the location of those 12 stars that were mentioned above.

The law "On the State Flag of the Republic of Uzbekistan" was adopted on November 18, 1991 at the eighth session of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

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The State Emblem of the Republic of Uzbekistan

The State Emblem of the Republic of Uzbekistan vividly reflects the rich history, dreams and aspirations, high spirituality, eternal values ​​and way of life of our people, the beautiful nature of the country. Each element, color and sign of the coat of arms contains a certain symbolic meaning. The coat of arms frames a wreath of cotton branches with open bolls and ears of wheat.

The coat of arms depicts the sun, the golden rays of which pierce the blooming valley. This is – a symbol of our sunny land, a flowering land. The rivers flowing from the majestic mountains testify to the fullness of life, the high aspirations of the people. Inside the octahedron, placed at the top of the coat of arms and personifying the freedom and unity of the people, a crescent and a star shine against the blue sky. This is – a symbol of eternity of national traditions and values, high spirituality, firmness of will and faith.

The Humo bird with outstretched wings, located in the center of the coat of arms, has long been considered a symbol of fidelity and love of freedom.

In the lower part of the coat of arms at the base of the wreath from the State Flag, the inscription "Uzbekiston" is inscribed in gold letters

The law "On the State Emblem of the Republic of Uzbekistan" was adopted on July 2, 1992 at the tenth session of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

National Anthem of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Words by Abdulla Aripov Music by Mutal Burkhanov

Serkuyosh khur ulkam, elga bakht, nazhot,

Sen using dustlarga yuldosh, mehribon!

Yashnagay to abad ilmu fan, izhod,

Shukhrating porlasin toki bor jahon!

Chorus:

Oltin bu vodiylar - jon Uzbekiston,

Azhdodlar mardona ruhi senga yor!

Ulug khalk kudrati zhush urgan zamon,

Olamni mahliyo aylagan diyor!

Bagri keng uzbekning uchmas imoni,

Erkin, yosh avlodlar senga zur kanot!

Istiklol mash'ali, tinchlik posboni,

Haksevar, she's a yurt, manga bul rim!

Chorus:

Oltin bu vodiylar - jon Uzbekiston,

Azhdodlar mardona ruhi senga yor!

Ulug khalk kudrati zhush urgan zamon,

Olamni mahliyo aylagan diyor!

The law "On the National Anthem of the Republic of Uzbekistan" was adopted on December 10, 1992 at the eleventh session of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

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